Labour Day is a national holiday in Canada that celebrates the hard work and contributions of workers. The origins of Labour Day date back to the late 19th century, when workers and their unions began to organize and advocate for better working conditions and rights. Through strikes, protests and other forms of activism, workers demanded fair wages, a shorter workday and safer working conditions. The Canadian government passed the Trade Union Act in 1872, which was the first legislation to legalize and protect unions and their activities. As the power of organized labour increased, workers and their unions began to lobby for Labour Day to be recognized as an official holiday to recognize their efforts and contributions. In 1894, the Canadian government officially established Labour Day as a national holiday. Today, Labour Day represents a time for Canadians to reflect on the valuable contributions that workers make to society, and the ongoing struggles for labour rights and fair treatment.